In 1973, when Lok Biradari Prakalp was established at Hemalkasa, where modern medicine and health care was unknown. When ill the tribals took to local witchcraft, which of course often proved fatal. The forests were plagued with deadly diseases like cerebral malaria, malaria, TB, ascites, cancer and sickle cell anaemia. The tribals were also victims of bear bites, burns, snake bites, scabies and severe malnutrition. The madia-gonds an extremely remarkable race , were utterly ignorant and ages and centuries behind time. Barely clad in clothes, they were unaware of India – The glorious independence and the progress it promised. For them a man in clothes was evil and intimidating. Exploitation by the few government officials was extreme, for the Madias it was just a change from the exploitation by the Gora-sahab to the desi-sahab.